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Phila delphia > Quick View: "The History of Protestantism" by J. A. Wylie

The History of Protestantism
A Voice from the Philadelphian Church Age

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VOLUME THIRD

BOOK TWENTY-FOURTH


PROTESTANTISM IN SCOTLAND




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Chapter 1 THE DARKNESS AND THE DAYBREAK
English and Scottish Reformations Compared Early Picture of Scotland Preparation The Scots become a Nation Its Independence Secured Bannockburn Suppression of the Culdees Establishment of the Church of Rome -- Its Great Strength Acts against Lollards and Heretics in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries -- Martyrdom of John Resby -- Bible Readers Paul Crawar Burned The Lollards of Kyle Hector Boece Luther's Tracts Enter Scotland The Bible Introduced It becomes the Nation's One Instructor Permission to Read it
Chapter 2 SCOTLAND'S FIRST PREACHER AND MARTYR, PATRICK HAMILTON
A Martyr Needed Patrick Hamilton His Lineage His Studies at Paris and Marburg He Returns to Scotland Evangelizes around Linlithgow is Inveigled to St. Andrews St. Andrews in the Sixteenth Century Discussions with Doctors and Canons Alesius Prior Campbell Summoned before the Archbishop His Brother Attempts his Rescue Hamilton before Beaton Articles of Accusation Referred to a Commission Hamilton's Evening Party What they Talk about His Apprehension His Trial His Judges Prior Campbell his Accuser His Condemnation He is Led to the Stake Attacks of Prior Campbell Campbell's Fearful Death Hamilton's Protracted Sufferings His Last Words The Impression produced by his Martyrdom
Chapter 3 WISHART IS BURNED, AND KNOX COMES FORWARD
Growing Discredit of the Hierarchy Martyrs Henry Forrest David Straiton and Norman Gourlay Their Trial and Burning Thomas Forrest, Vicar of Dollar Burning of Five Martyrs Jerome Russel and Alexander Kennedy Cardinal David Beaton Exiles Number of Sufferers Plot to Cut off all the Nobles favorable to the New Opinions Defeat at the Solway, and Discovery of the Plot Ministry and Martyrdom of George Wishart Birth and Education of Knox
Chapter 4 KNOX'S CALL TO THE MINISTRY AND FIRST SERMON
Cardinal Beaton Assassinated Castle of St. Andrews Held by the Conspirators, Knox Enters it -- Called to the Ministry His First Sermon Key-note of the Reformation Struck Knox in the French Galleys The Check Useful to Scotland Useful to Knox What he Learned Abroad Visits Scotland in 1555 The Nobles Withdraw from Mass A "Congregation" Elders The First "Band" Subscribed Walter Mill Burned at St. Andrews The Last Martyr of the Reformation in Scotland
Chapter 5 KNOX'S FINAL RETURN TO SCOTLAND
The Priests Renew the Persecution The Queen Regent openly Sides with them Demands of the Protestant Lords Rejected Preaching Forbidden The Preachers Summoned before the Queen A Great Juncture Arrival of John Knox Consternation of the Hierarchy The Reformer of Scotland Knox Outlawed Resolves to Appear with the Preachers before the Queen The Queen's Perfidy Knox's Sermon at Perth Destruction of the Gray Friars' and Black Friars' Monasteries, etc. The Queen Regent Marches against Perth Commencement of the Civil War
Chapter 6 ESTABLISHMENT OF THE REFORMATION IN SCOTLAND
Peace between the Queen and the Reformers Consultation The Lords of the Congregation Resolve to Set up the Protestant Worship Knox Preaches at St. Andrews His Sermon St. Andrews Reformed Glasgow, Edinburgh, etc., Follow Question of the Demolition of the Images and Monasteries The Queen and her Army at Leith The Lords Evacuate Edinburgh Knox Sets out on a Preaching Tour His Great Exertions Scotland Roused Negotiations with England England Aids Scotland Establishment of the Reformation in Scotland.
Chapter 7 CONSTITUTION OF THE "KIRK"--ARRIVAL OF MARY STUART
A Second Battle Knox's Idea of the Church Spiritual Independence Essential Differs from Popish Independence Calvin demanded a Pure Communion-table; Knox, a Free Assembly Organization of Scottish "Kirk" Ministers, Doctors, Elders, and Deacons Kirk Session Presbytery, Synod, and Assembly Knox's Educational Plan How Defeated Mary Stuart Her Accomplishments Her Beauty Her Life in France Her Widow-hood Invited to Return to Scotland Sails from France Arrives at Leith Enters Holyrood.
Chapter 8 KNOX'S INTERVIEW WITH QUEEN MARY
Mary's Secret Purpose Her Blandishments The Protestant Nobles begin to Yield Mass in the Chapel of Holyrood Commotion Knox's Sermon against Idolatry The Mass more to be Feared than 10,000 Armed Men Reasonableness of the Alarm Knox Summoned to the Palace of Holyrood Accused by the Queen of Teaching Sedition His Defense Debate between Knox and Mary God, not the Prince, Lord of the Conscience The Bible, not the Priest, the Judge in Matters of Faith, etc. Importance of the Interview
Chapter 9 TRIAL OF KNOX FOR TREASON
Distribution of Ecclesiastical Revenues Inadequate Provision for the Protestant Ministry First Book of Discipline Mary Refuses to Ratify the Ecclesiastical Settlement of 1560 Faithlessness of the Nobles Grief of Knox His Sermon Rebuke of the Protestant Nobles Summoned to the Palace Interview with the Queen Knox's Hardness Mass at the Palace Threatened Prosecution of Protestants Knox's Circular Put upon his Trial for Treason Maitland of Lethington Debate between Maitland and Knox Knox's Defense on his Trial His Acquittal Joy of the Citizens Consequences of his Acquittal Knox's Political Sentiments His Services to the Liberties of Great Britain
Chapter 10 THE LAST DAYS OF QUEEN MARY AND JOHN KNOX
Prosperous Events Ratification of the Protestant Establishment by Parliament Culmination of Scottish Reformation Knox Wishes to Retire -- New Storms Knox Retires to St. Andrews Knox in the Pulpit Tulchan Bishops Knox's Opposition to the Scheme -- The St. Bartholomew Massacre -- Knox's Prediction His Last Appearance in the Pulpit -- Final End of Mary's Crimes Darnley Rizzio Kirk-of- Field Marriage with Bothwell Carberry Hill Lochleven Castle Battle of Langside Flight to England Execution Mary the Last Survivor of her Partners in Crime Last Illness of Knox -- His Death His Character
Chapter 11 ANDREW MELVILLE--THE TULCHAN BISHOPS
The Tulchan Bishops Evils that grew out of this Arrangement Supported by the Government A Battle in Prospect A Champion Wanting Andrew Melville His Parentage Education Studies Abroad Goes to Geneva Appointed Professor of Humanity in its Academy -- Returns to Scotland in 1574 State of Scotland at his Arrival War against the Tulchan Bishops The General Assembly Abolishes the Order Second Book of Discipline Perfected Polity of the Presbyterian Kirk The Spiritual Independence Geneva and Scotland A Great Struggle
Chapter 12 BATTLES FOR PRESBYTERIANISM AND LIBERTY
James VI His Evil Counselors Love of Arbitrary Power and Hatred of Presbyterianism State of Scotland The Kirk its One Free Institution The Presbyterian Ministers the Only Defenders of the Nation's Liberties The National Covenant Tulchan Bishops Robert Montgomery His Excommunication Melville before the King -- Raid of Ruthyen The Black Acts Influence of the Spanish Armada on Scotland Act of 1592 Ratifying Presbyterian Church Government Return of Popish Lords Interview between Melville and James VI at Falkland Broken Promises Prelacy set up Importance of the Battle James VI Ascends the Throne of England
Chapter 13 JAMES IN ENGLAND--THE GUNPOWDER PLOT
Steps to Hinder a Protestant Successor to Elizabeth Bulls of Clement VIII Application to Philip II English Jesuits thrown on their own Resources The Gunpowder Plot Proposed Catesby Percy Preparations to Blow up the Parliament Pacific Professions of Romanists the while Proofs that the Plot was Known to the Roman Catholic Authorities The Spanish Match Disgraceful Treaty Growing Troubles
Chapter 14 DEATH OF JAMES VI, AND SPIRITUAL AWAKENING IN SCOTLAND
The Nations Dead Protestantism made them Live Examples Scotland James VI -- Pursues his Scheme on the Throne of England His Arts Compliance of the Ministers The Prelates High Commission Court Visit of James to Scotland The Five Articles of Perth "Black Saturday" James's Triumph a Defeat His Death A Great Spiritual Awakening in Scotland Moral Transformations David Dickson and the Awakening at Stewarton Market-day at Irvine John Livingstone and the Kirk of Shotts The Scottish Vine Visited and Strengthened
Chapter 15 CHARLES I AND ARCHBISHOP LAUD--RELIGIOUS INNOVATIONS
Basilicon Doron A Defense of Arbitrary Government Character of Charles I His French Marriage He Dissolves his Parliament Imposes Taxes by his Prerogative A Popish Hierarchy in England Tonnage and Poundage Ship-money Archbishop Laud His Character His Consecration of St. Catherine Cree Church His Innovations The Protestant Press Gagged Bishop Williams The Puritans Exiled, etc. Preaching Restricted The Book of Sports Alarm and Gloom
Chapter 16 THE NATIONAL COVENANT AND ASSEMBLY OF 1638
Preparations in Scotland for introducing Prelacy The King's Commission to Archbishop Laud -- The Book of Canons sent down to Scotland The New Liturgy Indignation in Scotland The First Reading of the Liturgy Tumult The Dean Assailed in the Pulpit He Flees The Bishop Mobbed Charles's Resolve to Force the Canons and Liturgy upon the Scots Their Resistance The Four Tables The National Covenant Framed Its Provisions Sworn in the Grayfriars' Church Solemnity of the Scene Alarm of the Bishops and the Court The General Assembly at Glasgow, 1638 The Assembly Overthrows Prelacy
Chapter 17 CIVIL WAR--SOLEMN LEAGUE--WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY
War with the Scots Charles sends a Fleet and Army The Scots March to the Border Treaty of Peace Violated by the King Second War with the Scots Charles Defeated Makes Peace Church of Scotland has Rest The Long Parliament Grievances Concessions of Charles Irish Massacre Suspected Complicity of the King Execution of Strafford and Laud Civil War in England Scotland Joins England Solemn League Summary of its Principles Sworn to by the Parliament of England The Westminster Assembly Its General Appearance Its Individual Members Frames a Form of Church Government and Confession of Faith Influence of these Documents
Chapter 18 PARLIAMENT TRIUMPHS, AND THE KING IS BETRAYED
Scotland Receives the Westminster Standards England becomes Presbyterian The Civil War Army of the King Army of the Parliament Morale of each Battle of Marston Moor -- Military Equipment -- The King Surrenders to the Scots Given up to the English -- Cromwell The Army takes Possession of the King -- Pride Purges Parliament Charles Attainted and Condemned The King's Execution -- Close of a Cycle Thirty Years' Plots and Wars -- Overthrow of the Popish Projects
Chapter 19 RESTORATION OF CHARLES II, AND ST. BARTHOLOMEW DAY, 1662
The Struggle to be Renewed The Commonwealth Cromwell's Rule Charles II Restored His Welcome Enthusiasm of Scotland Character of Charles II Attempted Union between the Anglican and Presbyterian Parties Presbyterian Proposals Things to be Rectified Conference at the Savoy Act of Uniformity The 24th of August, 1662 A Second St. Bartholomew Secession of 2,000 Ministers from the Church of England Grandeur of their Sacrifice It Saves the Reformation in England
Chapter 20 SCOTLAND--MIDDLETON'S TYRANNY--ACT RECISSORY
Extravagant Loyalty of the Scots A Schism in the Ranks of the Scottish Presbyterians Resolutioners and Protesters Charles's Purpose to Restore Prelacy Clarendon Maitland James Sharp The "Judas of the Kirk of Scotland" The Scottish Parliament of 1661 Decline of the Scottish Presbyterians Acts passed in Parliament Act of Supremacy Lays the Scottish Kirk at the King's Feet The Oath of Allegiance The Act Recissory Tyranny and Revolution Sudden Destruction of Scottish Liberties Legislation and Drunkenness
Chapter 21 ESTABLISHMENT OF PRELACY IN SCOTLAND

Destruction of Scottish Protestantism Marquis of Argyle His Character His Possessions His Patriotism His Service to Charles II How Requited He is Condemned as a Traitor His Demeanor in Prison on the Scaffold Mr. James Guthrie His Character Sentenced to be Hanged His Behavior on the Scaffold His Head Affixed to the Netherbow Prelacy set up The New Bishops Their Character Robert Leighton The Ministers required to Receive Presentation and Collation Anew Will Scotland Submit?
Chapter 22 FOUR HUNDRED MINISTERS EJECTED
The Bishops hold Diocesan Courts Summon the Ministers to Receive Collation The Ministers Disobey Middleton's Wrath and Violence Archbishop Fairfoul's Complaint "Drunken Act of Glasgow " The 1st of November, 1662 Four Hundred Ministers Ejected Middleton's Consternation Sufferings of the Ejected Lamentations of the People Scotland before the Ejection The Curates Middleton's Fall The Earl of Rothes made Commissioner Conventicles Court of High Commission Its Cruelty Turner's Troop Terrible Violence
Chapter 23 BREACH OF THE "TRIPLE LEAGUE" AND WAR WITH HOLLAND
The same Policy pursued in England and Scotland Scheme for Introducing Popery and Arbitrary Government Test Acts Non-resistance Power of the Militia Given to the King Humiliation of the Nation The Queen-mother Surrender of Dunkirk Breach of the "Triple League " The King's Sister Interview at Dover M. Colbert War with Holland resolved on How the Quarrel was Picked Piratical Attack on Dutch Merchantmen by the Navy of England The Exchequer Seized by the King An Indulgence Proclaimed War Commenced Rapid Triumphs of the French Duplicity of Louis XIV William, Prince of Orange, made Stadtholder of Holland The Great Issue
Chapter 24 THE POPISH PLOT, AND DEATH OF CHARLES II
The Issue Adjusted Who shall Sit on the Throne of Britain? Peace with Holland Charles II a Pensioner of Louis XIV English Ships Seized by France No Redress Duke of York's Second Marriage William of Orange Marries the Princess Mary The Duke of York's Influence in the Government Alarm Test Acts The Duke's Exclusion from the Throne demanded The Popish Plot Titus Oates The Jesuit Coleman His Letter to Pere la Chaise Murder of Sir Edmundbury Godfrey The Duke's Exclusion Attempts to throw the Plot on the Presbyterians Execution of Essex, Russell, and Sidney Judge Jeffreys Illness and Death of the King What they Said of his Death at Rome.
Chapter 25 THE FIRST RISING OF THE SCOTTISH PRESBYTERIANS
Barbarities Inflexible Spirit of the Scots Dragoons at Dairy The Presbyterians of the West take Arms Capture of Sir James Turner The March to Lanark They Swear the Covenant, and Publish a Declaration Their Sufferings on the March Arrive near Edinburgh Battle of the Pentlands Defeat of the Presbyterians Prisoners Their Trial and Execution Neilson of Corsac and Hugh McKail The Torture of the Boot Execution of Hugh McKail His Farewell
Chapter 26 THE FIELD-PREACHING OR "CONVENTICLE"
Scotland to be Crushed -- Thomas Dalziel of Binns His Character Barbarities exercised by his Soldiers A Breathing Time Duke Lauderdale The Indulgence -- Its Fruits The Accommodation Failure of both Plans The Conventicle Field-preaching at East Nisbet, Mearse Place of Meeting The Assembling -- The Guards The Psalm The Prayer The Sermon The Communion-tables The Communicants The Communicating Other Services Blackadder's Account Terror of the Government
Chapter 27 DRUMCLOG--BOTHWELL BRIDGE--THE "KILLING TIMES"
The Conventicle to be Crushed Storm of Edicts Letters of Intercommuning Sharp's New Edict His Assassination The Highland Host Graham of Claverhouse His Defeat at Drumclog Dissensions in the Covenanters' Camp Battle of Bothwell Bridge Prisoners They are Penned in Grayfriars' Churchyard Shipped off to Barbados The "Killing Times " James II His Toleration The Sanquhar Declaration The Stuarts Disowned The Last Two Martyrs, Argyle and Renwick Importance of the Covenanting Struggle
Chapter 28 JAMES II -- PROJECTS TO RESTORE POPERY
James II Suspicions of the Nation His Promises to Maintain the Protestant Religion Joy of the People Fears of Louis XIV His Coronation Goes to Mass Imposes Taxes without his Parliament Invasion of Argyle Insurrection of Monmouth These Risings Suppressed -- Cruelties of Jeffreys The Test Act Debates respecting a Standing Army State of Protestantism throughout Christendom Its Afflicted Condition Everywhere A Moment of Mighty Peril Hopes of the Jesuits
Chapter 29 A GREAT CRISIS IN ENGLAND AND CHRISTENDOM
Ireland Duke of Ormond Dismissed from the Lieutenancy The Army Remodeled Tyrconnel made Lord Lieutenant Appoints Popish Judges Lord Chancellor of Ireland The Charters of the Corporations Abolished Civil Rights of the Protestants Confiscated Their Religious Rights Invaded Protestant Tithes and Churches Seized Parliament Dissolved English Judges give James II a Dispensing Power A Popish Hierarchy Clergymen Forbidden to Preach against Popery Tillotson, Stillingfleet, etc. Ecclesiastical Commission Bishop of London and Dr. Sharp Suspended The Army at Hounslow Heath A New Indulgence Seven Bishops sent to the Tower Birth of the Prince of Wales Acquittal of the Bishops Rejoicings Crisis
Chapter 30 PROTESTANTISM MOUNTS THE THRONE OF GREAT BRITAIN
The Movement Returns to the Land of its Birth England Looks to William of Orange State of Parties in Europe Preparations in England against Invasion Alarm and Proclamation of James II Declaration of William of Orange The Dutch Fleet Sails -- A Storm The Dutch Fleet Driven Back William's Appeals to the English Soldiers and Sailors The Fleet again Sets Sail Shifting of the Wind Landing at Torbay Prince of Orange's Address The Nation Declares for him King James Deserted His Flight The Crown Settled on the Prince and Princess of Orange Protestantism on the Throne




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