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Phila delphia > Quick View: "The History of Protestantism" by J. A. Wylie

The History of Protestantism
A Voice from the Philadelphian Church Age

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VOLUME THIRD

BOOK EIGHTEENTH


HISTORY OF PROTESTANTISM IN THE NETHERLANDS.




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Chapter 1 THE NETHERLANDS AND THEIR INHABITANTS.
Batavia Formed by Joint Action of the Rhine and the Sea Dismal Territory The First Inhabitants Belgium Holland Their First Struggles with the Ocean Their Second with the Roman Power 'they Pass under Charlemagne Rise and Greatness of their Commerce Civic Rights and Liberties These Threatened by the Austro-Burgundian Emperors A Divine Principle comes to their aid.
Chapter 2 INTRODUCTION OF PROTESTANTISM INTO THE NETHERLANDS.
Power of the Church of Rome in the Low Countries in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries Ebb in the Fifteenth Century Causes Forerunners Waldenses and Albigenses Romaunt Version of the Scriptures Influence of Wicliffe's Writings and Huss's Martyrdom Influence of Commerce, etc. Charles V. and the Netherlands Persecuting Edicts Great Number of Martyrs.
Chapter 3 ANTWERP: ITS CONFESSORS AND MARTYRS.
Antwerp Its Convent of Augustines Jacob Spreng Henry of Zutphen Convent Razed A Preacher Drowned Placards of the Emperor Charles V. Well of Life Long and Dreadful Series of Edicts Edict of 1540 The Inquisition Spread of Lutheranism Confessors Martyrdom of John de Bakker.
Chapter 4 ABDICATION OF CHARLES V. AND ACCESSION OF PHILIP II.
Decrepitude of the Emperor Hall of Brabant Palace Speech of the Emperor Failure of his Hopes and Labours Philip II. His Portrait Slender Endowments Portrait of William of Orange Other Netherland Nobles Close of Pageant.
Chapter 5 PHILIP ARRANGES THE GOVERNMENT OF THE NETHERLANDS, AND DEPARTS FOR SPAIN.
Philip II. Renews the Edict of 1535 of his Father Other Atrocious Edicts Further Martyrdoms Inquisition introduced into the Low Countries Indignation and Alarm of the Netherlanders Thirteen New Bishops The Spanish Troops to be left in the Country Violations of the Netherland Charters Bishop of Arras His Craft and Ambition Popular Discontent Margaret, Duchess of Parma, appointed Regent Three Councils Assembly of the States at Ghent The States request the Suppression of the Edicts Anger of Philip He sets Sail from Flushing Storm Arrival in Spain.
Chapter 6 STORMS IN THE COUNCIL, AND MARTYRS AT THE STAKE.
Three Councils These Three but One Margaret, Duchess of Parma Cardinal Granvelle Opposition to the New Bishops-Storms at the Council-board Position of Prince of Orange, and Counts Egmont and Horn Their joint Letter to the King Smouldering Discontent Persecution Peter Titlemann Severity of the Edicts Father and Son at the Stake Heroism of the Flemish Martyrs Execution of a Schoolmaster A Skeleton at a Feast Burning of Three Refugees Great Number of Flemish Martyrs What their Country Owed them.
Chapter 7 RETIREMENT OF GRANVELLE BELGIC CONFESSION OF FAITH.
Tumults at Valenciennes Rescue of Two Martyrs Terrible Revenge Rhetoric Clubs The Cardinal Attacked in Plays, Farces, and Lampoons A Caricature A Meeting of the States Demanded and Refused Orders from Spain for the more Vigorous Prosecution of the Edicts Orange, Egmont, and Horn Retire from the Council They Demand the Recall of Granvelle Doublings of Philip II. Granvelle under pretense of Visiting his Mother Leaves the Netherlands First Belgic Confession of Faith Letter of Flemish Protestants to Philip II. Toleration.
Chapter 8 THE RISING STORM.
Speech of Prince of Orange at the Council-table Egmont sent to Spain-Demand for the States-General, and the Abolition of the Edicts Philip's Reply More Martyrs New and More Rigorous Instructions from Philip The Nobles and Cities Remonstrate Arrogance of the Inquisitors New Mode of putting Protestants to Death Rising Indignation in the Low Countries Rumours of General Massacre Dreadful Secret Imparted to Prince of Orange Council of Trent Programme of Massacre.
Chapter 9 THE CONFEDERATES OR "BEGGARS."
League of the Flemish Nobles Franciscus Junius The "Confederacy " Its Object Number of Signatories Meeting of the Golden Fleece and States-General How shall Margaret Steer? Procession of the Confederates Their Petition Perplexity of the Duchess Stormy Debate in the Council The Confederates first styled "Beggars" Medals Struck in Commemoration of the Name Livery of the Beggars Answer of the Duchess Promised Moderation of the Edicts Martyrdoms Continued Four Martyrs at Lille John Cornelius Beheaded.
Chapter 10 THE FIELD-PREACHINGS.
The Protestants Resolve to Worship in Public First Field-Preaching near Ghent-Herman Modet Seven Thousand Hearers The Assembly Attacked, but Stands its Ground Second Field-Preaching Arrangements at the Field-Preaching Wall of Waggons Sentinels, etc. Numbers of the Worshippers Singing of the Psalms Field-Preaching near Antwerp The Governor Forbids them The Magistrates unable to put them down Field-Preaching at Tournay Immense Congregations Peregrine de la Grange Ambrose Wille Field-Preaching in Holland Peter Gabriel and John Arentson Secret Consultations -First Sermon near Horn Enormous Conventicle near Haarlem The Town Gates Locked The Imprisoned Multitude Compel their Opening Grandeur of the Conventicle Difference between the Field-Preachers and the Confederates Preaching at Delft Utrecht The Hague Arrival of more Preachers.
Chapter 11 THE IMAGE-BREAKINGS.
The Confederate Envoys Philip's Cruel Purpose -The Image-Breakers Their Character Their Devastations Overspread the Low Countries in a Week Pillage of 400 Churches Antwerp Cathedral Its Magnificence -Its Pillage Pillage of the Rest of the Churches The True Iconoclast Hammer-The Preachers and their People take no part in the Image-Breakings Image-Breaking in Holland Amsterdam and other Towns What Protestantism Teaches concerning Image-Breaking The Popular Outbreaks at the Reformation and at the French Revolution Compared.
Chapter 12 REACTION SUBMISSION OF THE SOUTHERN NETHERLANDS.
Treaty between the Governor and Nobles Liberty given the Reformed to Build Churches Remonstrances of Margaret Reply of Orange Anger of Philip His Cruel Resolve Philip's Treachery Letters that Read Two Ways the Governor raises Soldiers A Great Treachery Meditated Egmont's and Horn's Compliance with the Court, and Severities against the Reformed Horn at Tournay Forbids the Reformed to Worship inside the Walls Permitted to erect Churches outside Money and Materials the Governor Violates the Accord Re-formed Religion Forbidden in Tournay and Valenciennes Siege of Valenciennes by Noircarmes Sufferings of the Besieged They Surrender-Treachery of Noircarmes Execution of the Two Protestant Ministers Terror inspired by the Fall of Valenciennes Abject Submission of the Southern Netherlands.
Chapter 13 THE COUNCIL OF BLOOD.
Orange's Penetration of Philip's Mind Conference at Dendermonde Resolution of Egmont William Retires to Nassau in Germany Persecution Increased The Gallows Full Two Sisters Philip resolves to send an Army to the Netherlands Its Command given to the Duke of Alva His Character His Person His Fanaticism and Bloodthirstiness Character of the Soldiers An Army of Alvas Its March Its Morale Its Entrance Unopposed Margaret Retires from the Netherlands Alva Arrests Egmont and Horn Refugees Death of Berghen and Montigny The Council of Blood Sentence of Death upon all the Inhabitants of the Netherlands Constitution of the Blood Council Its Terrible Work Shrove-tide A proposed Holocaust Sentence of Spanish Inquisition upon the Netherlands.
Chapter 14 WILLIAM UNFURLS HIS STANDARD EXECUTION OF EGMONT AND HORN.
William cited by the Blood Council His Estates Confiscated Solicited to Unfurl the Standard against Spain Funds raised Soldiers Enlisted The War waged in the King's Name Louis of Nassau The Invading Host Marches Battle at Dam Victory of Count Louis Rage of Alva Executions Condemnation of Counts Egmont and Horn Sentence intimated to them Egmont's Conduct on the Scaffold Executed Death of Count Horn Battle of Gemmingen Defeat of Count Louis.
Chapter 15 FAILURE OF WILLIAM'S FIRST CAMPAIGN.
Execution of Widow van Dieman Herman Schinkel Martyrdoms at Ghent at Bois-le-Duc Peter van Kulen and his Maid-servant A New Gag Invented William Approaches with his Army His Manifesto -His Avowal of his Faith William Crosses the Rhine Alva Declines Battle William's Supplies Fail Flanders Refuses to Rise William Retires Alva's Elation Erects a Statue to himself Its Inscription The Pope sends him Congratulations, etc. Synod of the Church of the Netherlands Presbyterian Church Government Established.
Chapter 16 THE "BEGGARS OF THE SEA," AND SECOND CAMPAIGN OF ORANGE.
Brabant Inactive Trials of the Blood Council John Hassels Executions at Valenciennes The Year 1568 More Edicts Individual Martyrdoms A Martyr Saving the Life of his Persecutor Burning of Four Converted Priests at the Hague-William enters on his Second Campaign His Appeal for Funds The Refugees The "Beggars of the Sea" Discipline of the Privateer Fleet Plan for Collecting Funds Elizabeth De la Marck Capture of Brill by the Sea Beggars Foundations laid of the Dutch Republic Alva's Fury Bossu Fails to Retake Brill Dort and Flushing declare against Spain Holland and Zealand declare for William Louis of Nassau takes Mons Alva Besieges it The Tenth Penny Meeting of the States of Holland Speech of St. Aldegonde Toleration William of Orange declared Stadtholder of Holland.
Chapter 17 WILLIAM'S SECOND CAMPAIGN, AND SUBMISSION OF BRABANT AND FLANDERS.
William's New Levies He crosses the Rhine Welcome from Flemish Cities Sinews of War Hopes in France Disappointed by the St. Bartholomew Massacre Reverses Mutiny William Disbands his Army Alva takes Revenge on the Cities of Brabant Cruelties in Mons Mechlin Pillaged Terrible Fate of Zutphen and Naarden Submission of the Cities of Brabant Holland Prepares for Defence Meeting of Estates at Haarlem Heroic Resolution Civil and Ecclesiastical Reorganisation of Holland Novel Battle on the Ice Preparations for the Siege of Haarlem.
Chapter 18 THE SIEGE OF HAARLEM.
Haarlem Its Situation Its Defences Army of Amazons Haze on the Lake Defeat of a Provisioning Party Commencement of the Cannonade A Breach Assault Repulse of the Foe Haarlem Reinforced by William Reciprocal Barbarities The Siege Renewed Mining and Countermining-Battles below the Earth New Breach Second Repulse of the Besiegers Toledo contemplates Raising the Siege Alva Forbids him to do so The City more Closely Blockaded Famine Dreadful Misery in the City Final Effort of William for its Deliverance It Fails Citizens offer to Capitulate Toledo's Terms of Surrender Accepted The Surrender Dismal Appearance of the City Toledo's Treachery Executions and Massacres Moral Victory to the Protestant Cause William's Inspiriting Address to the States.
Chapter 19 SIEGE OF ALKMAAR, AND RECALL OF ALVA.
Alkmaar Its Situation Its Siege Sonoy's Dismay Courageous Letter of the Prince Savage Threats of Alva Alkmaar Cannonaded Breach Stormed Fury of the Attack Heroism of the Repulse What Ensign Solis saw within the Walls The Spaniards Refuse to Storm the Town a Second Time The Dutch Threaten to Cut the Dykes, and Drown the Spanish Camp The Siege Raised Amsterdam Battle of Dutch and Spanish Fleets before it Defeat of the Spaniards Admiral Bossu taken Prisoner Alva Recalled His Manner of Leaving Number Executed during his Government Medina Coeli appointed Governor He Resigns -Requesens appointed -Assumes the Guise of Moderation Plain Warning of William Question of Toleration of Roman Worship Reasonings The States at Leyden Forbid its Public Celebration Opinions of William of Orange.
Chapter 20 THIRD CAMPAIGN OF WILLIAM, AND DEATH OF COUNT LOUIS OF NASSAU.
Middelburg Its Siege Capture by the Sea Beggars-Destruction of One-half of the Spanish Fleet Sea-board of Zealand and Holland in the hands of the Dutch William's Preparations for a Third Campaign Funds France gives Promises, but no Money Louis's Army Battle of Mook Defeat and Death of Louis William's Misfortunes His Magnanimity and Devotion His Greatness of the First Rank He Retires into Holland Mutiny in Avila's Army The Mutineers Spoil Antwerp Final Destruction of Spanish Fleet Opening of the Siege of Leyden Situation of that Town Importance of the Siege Stratagem of Philip Spirit of the Citizens.
Chapter 21 THE SIEGE OF LEYDEN.
Leyden Provisions Fail William's Sickness His Plan of Letting in the Sea The Dykes Cut The Waters do not Rise The Flotilla cannot be Floated Dismay in Leyden Terrors of the Famine Pestilence Deaths Unabated Resolution of the Citizens A Mighty Fiat goes forth The Wind Shifts The Ocean Overflows the Dykes The Flotilla, Approaches Fights on the Dykes The Fort Lammen Stops the Flotilla Midnight Noise Fort Lainmen Abandoned Leyden Relieved Public Solemn Thanksgiving Another Prodigy The Sea Rolled Back.
Chapter 22 MARCH OF THE SPANISH ARMY THROUGH THE SEA SACK OF ANTWERP.
The Darkest Hour Passed A University Founded in Leyden Its Subsequent Eminence Mediation Philip Demands the Absolute Dominancy of the Popish Worship-The Peace Negotiations Broken off The Islands of Zealand The Spaniards March through the Sea The Islands Occupied The Hopes that Philip builds on this These Hopes Dashed Death of Governor Requesens Mutiny of Spanish Troops They Seize on Alost Pillage the Country around The Spanish Army Join the Mutiny-Antwerp Sacked Terrors of the Sack Massacre, Rape, Burning The "Antwerp Fury" Retribution.
Chapter 23 THE "PACIFICATION OF GHENT," AND TOLERATION.
William of Orange more than King of Holland The "Father of the Country" Policy of the European Powers Elizabeth France Germany Coldness of Lutheranism Causes Hatred of German Lutherans to Dutch Calvinists . Instances William's New Project His Appeal to all the Provinces to Unite against the Spaniards The "Pacification of Ghent " Its Articles Toleration Services to Toleration of John Calvin and William the Silent.
Chapter 24 ADMINISTRATION OF DON JOHN, AND FIRST SYNOD OF DORT.
Little and Great Countries Their respective Services to Religion and Liberty The Pacification of Ghent brings with it an Element of Weakness Divided Counsels and Aims Union of Utrecht The new Governor Don John of Austria Asked to Ratify the Pacification of Ghent Refuses At last Consents " The Perpetual Edict" Perfidy meditated A Martyr Don John Seizes the Castle of Namur Intercepted Letters William made Governor of Brabant His Triumphal Progress to Brussels Splendid Opportunity of achieving Independence Roman Catholicism a Dissolvent Prince Matthias his Character-Defeat of the Army of the Netherlands Bull of the Pope Amsterdam Joins the Protestant Side Civic Revolution Progress of Protestantism in Antwerp, Ghent, etc. First National Synod Their Sentiments on Toleration " Peace of Religion " The Provinces Disunite A Great Opportunity Lost Death of Don John.
Chapter 25 ABJURATION OF PHILIP, AND RISE OF THE SEVEN UNITED PROVINCES.
Alexander, Duke of Parma His Character Divisions in the Provinces Siege of Maestricht Defection of the Walloons Union of Utrecht Bases of Union Germ of the United Provinces Their Motto Peace Congress at Cologne Its Grandeur Philip makes Impossible Demands Failure of Congress Attempts to Bribe William His Incorruptibility Ban Fulminated against him His "Apology " Arraignment of Philip The Netherlands Abjure Philip II. as King Holland and Zealand confer their Sovereignty on William Greatness of the Revolution-Its Place in the History of Protestantism.
Chapter 26 ASSASSINATION OF WILLIAM THE SILENT.
What the United Provinces are to become The Walloons Return to Philip William's Sovereignty Brabant and the Duke of Anjou His Entry into the Netherlands His Administration a Failure Matthias Departs The Netherlands offer their Sovereignty to William He Declines Defection of Flanders Attempt on William's Life Anastro, the Spanish Banker The Assassin He Wounds the Prince Alarm of the Provinces Recovery of William Death of his Wife Another Attempt on William's Life Balthazar Gerard His Project of Assassinating the Prince Encouraged by the Spanish Authorities William's Murder His Character.
Chapter 27 ORDER AND GOVERNMENT OF THE NETHERLAND CHURCH.
The Spiritual Movement beneath the Armed Struggle The Infant Springs Gradual Development of the Church of the Netherlands The "Forty Ecclesiastical Laws " Their Enactments respecting the Election of Ministers Examination and Admission of Pastors Care for the Purity of the Pulpit The "Fortnightly Exercise " Yearly Visitation Worship and Schools Elders and Deacons Power of the Magistrate in the Church Controversy respecting it Efforts of the States to Compose these Quarrels~Synod at Middelburg It Completes the Constitution of the Dutch Church.
Chapter 28 DISORGANISATION OF THE PROVINCES.
Vessels of Honour and of Dishonour Memorial of the Magistrates of Leyden They demand an Undivided Civil Authority The Pastors demand an Undivided Spiritual Authority The Popish and Protestant Jurisdictions Oath to Observe the Pacification of Ghent Refused by many of the Priests The Pacification Violated Disorders Tumults in Ghent, etc. Dilemma of the Romanists Their Loyalty Miracles The Prince obliged to Withdraw the Toleration of the Roman Worship Priestly Charlatanties in Brussels William and Toleration.
Chapter 29 THE SYNOD OF DORT.
First Moments after William's Death Defection of the Southern Provinces Courage of Holland Prince Maurice States offer their Sovereignty to Henry III. of France Treaty with Queen Elizabeth Earl of Leicester Retires from the Government of the Netherlands Growth of the Provinces Dutch Reformed Church Calvinism the Common Theology of the Reformation Arminius his Teaching His Party Renewal of the Controversy touching Grace and Free-will The Five Points The Remonstrants The Synod of Dort Members and Delegates Remonstrants Summoned before it-Their Opinions Condemned by it Remonstrants Deposed and Banished The Reformation Theology of the Second Age as compared with that of the First.
Chapter 30 GRANDEUR OF THE UNITED PROVINCES.
The One Source of Holland's Strength Prince Maurice made Governor His Character Dutch Statesmen Spanish Power Sinking Philip's Many Projects His Wars in France Successes o£ Maurice Death of the Duke of Parma Mighty Growth of Holland Its 'Vast Commerce Its Learning Desolation of Brabant and Flanders Cause of the Decline of Holland The Stadtholder of Holland becomes King of England.




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