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Pro mises > Pollyanna, Rejoicing, and the Promises

Pollyanna, Rejoicing, and the Promises

"Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart" (Psalm 32:11).
"[Charity] rejoiceth in the Truth... believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things" (1Corinthians 13:6, 7).
"All things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to His purpose" (Romans 8:28).

by Tom Stewart


Eleanor H. Porter's novel Pollyanna
(1913)-- now in the Public Domain ---New Window -- was a success when originally published, and it has become a piece of Americana, especially since Hayley Mills won an Academy Award portraying the infectiously glad orphan in Walt Disney's "Pollyanna" (1960). "Let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before God: yea, let them exceedingly rejoice" (Psalm 68:3). The fictional character Pollyanna Whittier was the orphaned daughter of a home missionary, who came to live with her grudging but dutiful Aunt Polly Harrington. Not only did Pollyanna finally overflow her optimism onto Aunt Polly, but she had already contaminated Nancy (Aunt Polly's servant), the Ladies' Aiders (the women's church group), Mr. Pendleton (the town recluse, but renamed Mr. Pendegast in the Disney movie), Jimmy Bean (another orphan), Mrs. Snow (the contrary hypochondriac), Dr. Chilton (the town's doctor), Rev. Paul Ford (the pastor of their church), and most everyone else in Beldingsville, Vermont. "Rejoice in the LORD alway: and again I say, Rejoice" (Philippians 4:4).

When Pollyanna was first published, American Christianity's isolated innocence had yet to be shattered by the United States' 1917 entry into the War to End All Wars (WW 1). Optimism of ushering in the Millennium, i.e.,
"But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day" (Proverbs 4:18), would essentially evaporate after WW 1-- only that particular interpretation of Proverbs 4:18 evaporated-- when the Americans, the Allies, and the Central Powers experienced a carnage of 8.4 million dead. And, following WW 2, any further optimism about the future-- after an even greater 40-50 million war deaths-- would later give way to the increased talk of Evangelical Christians being Raptured before the outbreak of the coming Tribulation. "Evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived" (2Timothy 3:13). In fact, dictionaries now define a "Pollyanna" as a person regarded as being foolishly or blindly optimistic. Used in such a derogatory way, a "Pollyanna" is a naive person, who does not see reality, in particular, the selfishness or evilness in man. Then, what is it that still attracts us to the infectious enthusiasm and gladness of Pollyanna? "Be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy" (Isaiah 65:18).

Pollyanna's Glad Game

You don't even have to be a Heavenbound Christian to feel some kind of admiration for an unsinkable determination to be optimistic, when few seem to be glad about their present circumstances, e.g.,
"But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison" (Genesis 39:21). Pollyanna's attractiveness to the truly Godly would be her willingness to be Glad, because Pollyanna's minister father had showed her from the Scriptures-- as we shall later see-- that it was God's Will for her to "rejoice and be glad" (Psalm 70:4). Of course, anyone can play Pollyanna's Glad Game; however, only those who participate because the LORD Jesus Christ has invited them to do so, can receive any Eternal Benefit for their participation. "3 Blessed [Greek, makarios, happy] are the poor in spirit [who understand their spiritual poverty apart from Christ]: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven. 4 Blessed [happy] are they that mourn [who truly lament about sinning against Christ]: for they shall be comforted. 5 Blessed [happy] are the meek [who readily submit to God's dealings with them]: for they shall inherit the Earth. 6 Blessed [happy] are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness [who desire and seek after the Righteous Christ and seek to do right action]: for they shall be filled. 7 Blessed [happy] are the merciful [who hold back the ill deserts that others have accrued and deserve]: for they shall obtain mercy. 8 Blessed [happy] are the pure in heart [whose heart has been purified by trusting solely in the cleansing of Christ's sacrifice on the Cross]: for they shall see God. 9 Blessed [happy] are the peacemakers [who seek to bring to others the Peace they have found in Christ]: for they shall be called the Children of God. 10 Blessed [happy] are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake [who are misunderstood and hated by those who are not yet poor in spirit]: for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven. 11 Blessed [happy] are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for My sake [who can now so identify with their LORD that they count themselves blessed to bear the same kind of persecution heaped upon the LORD Jesus]" (Matthew 5:3-11).

In Chapter 5, listen to Pollyanna explain the Glad Game to Nancy:

"You don't seem ter see any trouble bein' glad about everythin',"
retorted Nancy, choking a little over her remembrance of
Pollyanna's brave attempts to like the bare little attic room.

Pollyanna laughed softly.

"Well, that's the game, you know, anyway."


"Yes; the 'just being glad' game."

"Whatever in the world are you talkin' about?"

"Why, it's a game. Father told it to me, and it's lovely,"
rejoined Pollyanna. "We've played it always, ever since I was a
little, little girl. I told the Ladies' Aid, and they played
it--some of them."

"What is it? I ain't much on games, though."

Pollyanna laughed again, but she sighed, too; and in the
gathering twilight her face looked thin and wistful.

"Why, we began it on some crutches that came in a missionary


"Yes. You see I'd wanted a doll, and father had written them so;
but when the barrel came the lady wrote that there hadn't any
dolls come in, but the little crutches had. So she sent 'em along
as they might come in handy for some child, sometime. And that's
when we began it."

"Well, I must say I can't see any game about that, about that,"
declared Nancy, almost irritably.

"Oh, yes; the game was to just find something about everything to
be glad about--no matter what 'twas," rejoined Pollyanna,
earnestly. "And we began right then--on the crutches."

"Well, goodness me! I can't see anythin' ter be glad
about--gettin' a pair of crutches when you wanted a doll!"

Pollyanna clapped her hands.

"There is--there is," she crowed. "But _I_ couldn't see it,
either, Nancy, at first," she added, with quick honesty. "Father
had to tell it to me."

"Well, then, suppose YOU tell ME," almost snapped Nancy.

"Goosey! Why, just be glad because you don't--NEED--'EM!" exulted
Pollyanna, triumphantly. "You see it's just as easy--when you
know how!"

"Well, of all the queer doin's!" breathed Nancy, regarding
Pollyanna with almost fearful eyes.

"Oh, but it isn't queer--it's lovely," maintained Pollyanna
enthusiastically. "And we've played it ever since. And the harder
'tis, the more fun 'tis to get 'em out; only--only sometimes it's
almost too hard--like when your father goes to Heaven, and there
isn't anybody but a Ladies' Aid left."

"Yes, or when you're put in a snippy little room 'way at the top
of the house with nothin' in it," growled Nancy.

Pollyanna sighed.

"That was a hard one, at first," she admitted, "specially when I
was so kind of lonesome. I just didn't feel like playing the
game, anyway, and I HAD been wanting pretty things, so! Then I
happened to think how I hated to see my freckles in the
looking-glass, and I saw that lovely picture out the window, too;
so then I knew I'd found the things to be glad about. You see,
when you're hunting for the glad things, you sort of forget the
other kind--like the doll you wanted, you know."

"Humph!" choked Nancy, trying to swallow the lump in her throat.

"Most generally it doesn't take so long," sighed Pollyanna; "and
lots of times now I just think of them WITHOUT thinking, you
know. I've got so used to playing it. It's a lovely game.
F-father and I used to like it so much," she faltered. "I
suppose, though, it--it'll be a little harder now, as long as I
haven't anybody to play it with. Maybe Aunt Polly will play it,
though," she added, as an after-thought.

"My stars and stockings!--HER!" breathed Nancy, behind her teeth.
Then, aloud, she said doggedly: "See here, Miss Pollyanna, I
ain't sayin' that I'll play it very well, and I ain't sayin' that
I know how, anyway; but I'll play it with ye, after a fashion--I
just will, I will!"

Later, in Chapter 22, Eleanor Porter has Pollyanna explaining the Glad Game to Rev. Paul Ford. Speaking about her father, notice how Pollyanna innocently expounds the Scripture to the parson:

"Yes, and I used to ask him just as I did you if he was glad he
was a minister."

The man under the tree smiled a little sadly.

"Well--what did he say?"

"Oh, he always said he was, of course, but 'most always he said,
too, that he wouldn't STAY a minister a minute if 'twasn't for
the rejoicing texts."

"The--WHAT?" The Rev. Paul Ford's eyes left the leaf and gazed
wonderingly into Pollyanna's merry little face.

"Well, that's what father used to call 'em," she laughed. "Of
course the Bible didn't name 'em that. But it's all those that
begin 'Be glad in the Lord,' or 'Rejoice greatly,' or 'Shout for
joy,' and all that, you know--such a lot of 'em. Once, when
father felt specially bad, he counted 'em. There were eight
hundred of 'em."

"Eight hundred!"

"Yes--that told you to rejoice and be glad, you know; that's why
father named 'em the 'rejoicing texts.' "

"Oh!" There was an odd look on the minister's face. His eyes had
fallen to the words on the top paper in his hands--"But woe unto
you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites!" "And so your
father--liked those 'rejoicing texts,' " he murmured.

"Oh, yes," nodded Pollyanna, emphatically. "He said he felt
better right away, that first day he thought to count 'em. He
said if God took the trouble to tell us eight hundred times to be
glad and rejoice, He must want us to do it--SOME. And father felt
ashamed that he hadn't done it more. After that, they got to be
such a comfort to him, you know, when things went wrong; when the
Ladies' Aiders got to fight--I mean, when they DIDN'T AGREE about
something," corrected Pollyanna, hastily. "Why, it was those
texts, too, father said, that made HIM think of the game--he
began with ME on the crutches--but he said 'twas the rejoicing
texts that started him on it."

"And what game might that be?" asked the minister.

"About finding something in everything to be glad about, you
know. As I said, he began with me on the crutches."

Rejoicing Is a Christian's Satisfaction With God

Rejoicing is a Christian's satisfaction with God, and it is not a grievous burden.
"O satisfy us early with Thy mercy; that we may rejoice and be glad all our days" (Psalm 90:14). Rejoicing is not an onerous burden that we must carry, as initially Aunt Polly dutifully but bitterly carried the burden of taking in her orphan niece, Pollyanna. What would others think of Aunt Polly, if she had refused? Scandalous! And, that kind of burden carrying, the Pharisees understood. "1 Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to His disciples, 2 Saying The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: 3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not. 4 For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. 5 But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, 6 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, 7 And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. 8 But be not ye called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren. 9 And call no man your father upon the Earth: for one is your Father, which is in Heaven. 10 Neither be ye called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ. 11 But he that is greatest among you shall be your servant. 12 And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted. 13 But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the Kingdom of Heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in" (Matthew 23:1-13).

Rejoicing is a responsibility we have to God, since the beginning of joyfulness in us has to be our willingness to see what God has done for us to make us so disposed.
"Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart" (Psalm 32:11). Now, that's a command that we should easily see the pleasure in obeying! "16 Rejoice evermore. 18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the Will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you" (1Thessalonians 5:16, 18). What do we truly have to rejoice about? Not so much what we have down here-- and, we are grateful for that-- but, we are keenly aware of the Heaven that Christ purchased for us with His Blood! "Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in Heaven" (Luke 10:20). Our rejoicing is a cooperative effort with God. He looks in us for a willing heart, i.e., "For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to that a man hath, and not according to that he hath not" (2Corinthians 8:12) and "Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver" (2Corinthians 9:7). Then, He works in us the doing of that which we would not have done otherwise. "For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of His good pleasure" (Philippians 2:13). We cannot claim to be truly cooperating with God in rejoicing, unless we are doing everything that we can to actually perform it. "But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work" (John 5:17). If we can only see our obedience in being glad and rejoicing as our love for the LORD Who Bought Us, then we will gladly bear that kind of Joyful Burden. "For this is the Love of God, that we keep His commandments: and His commandments are not grievous [burdensome]" (1John 5:3). Instead of groaning at the thought of another command to obey, LORD, give us as long a list of commandments as You desire, and we will gladly expend our last breath in attempting to keep them, for we love You. "15 If ye love Me, keep My commandments. 21 He that hath My commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth Me: and he that loveth Me shall be loved of My Father, and I will love him, and will manifest Myself to him" (John 14:15, 21).

Here are a few of those Rejoicing Texts that Pollyanna's father was talking about:

"Be glad in the LORD":
"Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart" (Psalm 32:11).
"The righteous shall be glad in the LORD, and shall trust in Him; and all the upright in heart shall glory" (Psalm 64:10).
"My meditation of Him shall be sweet: I will be glad in the LORD" (Psalm 104:34).

"Rejoice greatly":
"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass" (Zechariah 9:9).

"Shout for joy":
"But let all those that put their trust in Thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because Thou defendest them: let them also that love Thy name be joyful in Thee" (Psalm 5:11).
"Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favour my righteous cause: yea, let them say continually, Let the LORD be magnified, which hath pleasure in the prosperity of His servant" (Psalm 35:27).
"Let Thy priests be clothed with righteousness; and let Thy saints shout for joy" (Psalm 132:9).

And, here are a few more verses that Katie Stewart assembled as Promises for Joy:

(1) "Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God My Exceeding Joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise Thee, O God my God" (Psalm 43:4).

"The joy of the LORD is your strength" (Nehemiah 8:10).

"They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of Thy House; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of Thy pleasures" (Psalm 36:8).

"Also that day they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced: for God had made them rejoice with great joy: the wives also and the children rejoiced: so that the joy of Jerusalem was heard even afar off" (Nehemiah 12:43).

"He shall pray unto God, and He will be favourable unto him: and he shall see His face with joy: for He will render unto man his righteousness" (Job 33:26).

"The king shall joy in Thy strength, O LORD; and in Thy salvation how greatly shall he rejoice!" (Psalm 21:1).

"And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in His Tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD" (Psalm 27:6).

"For His anger endureth but a moment; in His favour is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morning" (Psalm 30:5).

"Restore unto me the joy of Thy Salvation; and uphold me with Thy free Spirit" (Psalm 51:12).

"And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and Everlasting Joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away" (Isaiah 35:10).

"Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favour my righteous cause: yea, let them say continually, Let the LORD be magnified, which hath pleasure in the prosperity of His servant" (Psalm 35:27).

"I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holyday" (Psalm 42:4).

"And He brought forth His people with joy, and His chosen with gladness" (Psalm 105:43).

"They that sow in tears shall reap in joy" (Psalm 126:5).

"But let all those that put their trust in Thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because thou defendest them: let them also that love Thy name be joyful in Thee" (Psalm 5:11).

"Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in Thy presence is fulness of joy; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore" (Psalm 16:11).

God's Promises Are Worth Rejoicing About

People disparagingly call someone a Pollyanna, whenever they feel that the optimism is not based upon their estimation of "reality." But, that is the nature of our Faith. You cannot see it, but it is substantial.
"Now Faith is the substance [Greek, hupostasis, confidence] of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen" (Hebrews 11:1). Our confidence that God will fulfill His Word and keep His promises is sufficient to make us rejoice! God promised Abraham (age 100) to make him the father of a great nation by giving him a son through Sarah his wife (age 90). Could we rejoice and give glory to God as Abraham did? "17 (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before Him Whom he believed, even God, Who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. 18 Who against hope believed in hope, that he might become the father of many nations, according to that which was spoken, So shall thy seed be. 19 And being not weak in Faith, he considered not his own body now dead, when he was about an hundred years old, neither yet the deadness of Sarah's womb: 20 He staggered not at the Promise of God through unbelief; but was strong in Faith, giving glory to God; 21 And being fully persuaded that, what He had promised, He was able also to perform. 22 And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness" (Romans 4:17-22). True, Sarah initially laughed in disbelief about her prospects of bearing a son at age 90, but it is plain that she was spiritually ready for the task, when the time came. Do we have as much confidence in God to Judge Him Faithful Who Promised us-- concerning our particular promises-- to rejoice before we see the actual doing of it? "11 Through Faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged Him Faithful Who had promised. 12 Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable" (Hebrews 11:11-12).

Better to be accused of being a Pollyanna than to become weak in Faith and give up on the Promises of God.
"35 Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompence of reward. 36 For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the Will of God, ye might receive the [results of the] Promise. 37 For yet a little while, and He that shall come will come, and will not tarry. 38 Now the just shall live by Faith: but if any man draw back, My soul shall have no pleasure in him. 39 But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe to the saving of the soul" (Hebrews 10:35-39). If we do not draw back to perdition, then our perseverance in the face of apparent impossibility would put us in the company of men and women of Faith such as Abraham and Sarah. "And God is able to make all Grace abound toward you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all things, may abound to every good work" (2Corinthians 9:8). Rejoicing in the promises causes us to put more stock in the character of the One Who Made the Promises than the bleakness or direness of our present situation. "Faithful is He that calleth you, Who also will do it" (1Thessalonians 5:24). True Christian Religion is not a series of good works that we put together to recommend ourselves to God, but it is the overflowing of the Exalted and Sterling Character of the Amazing Son of God in us working in us "to will and to do of His good pleasure" (Philippians 2:13). We have been given the Spirit of Christ-- "if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His" (Romans 8:9)-- as part of His New Covenant with us to cause us to walk rejoicing in Him in obedience. "And I will put My Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My Statutes, and ye shall keep My Judgments, and do them" (Ezekiel 36:27). He is merely using His Promises like a carrot on a stick to cause us to seek, to believe, to persevere, to obey, and to sanctify us to the end. "3 According as His Divine Power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him that hath called us to glory and virtue: 4 Whereby are given unto us Exceeding Great and Precious Promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the Divine Nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust" (2Peter 1:3-4).


Pollyannas are accused of not seeing the reality of this present world; and, in a sense, they are right. Our eyes are not upon this world, but
"as seeing Him Who is invisible" (Hebrews 11:27). Negatively, we will be only some kind of Humanist, if we are trying to elevate a goodness present in humanity, as if their was some kind of spark of divinity in all of us. Not so. "For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing" (Romans 7:18). We should never let the poetic desire of worldly men to cause us to "go beyond the Word of the LORD" (Numbers 22:18). The sad truth is that man is a hopeless mass of sin. "10 As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: 11 There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. 12 They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one" (Romans 3:10-12). If we were left to dwell in the hopeless reality of our ineffectual wickedness, then "we are of all men most miserable" (1Corinthians 15:19). But, if Christ elevates us to hope and rejoice in His promises, we have been truly set upon High with Christ in Heavenly Places! "4 But God, Who is rich in mercy, for His great love wherewith He loved us, 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by Grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in Heavenly Places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come He might shew the exceeding riches of His Grace in His kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 8 For by Grace are ye saved through Faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them" (Ephesians 2:4-10). Hope is a good thing, because it causes us to hold on past the difficulty of our present circumstances. If it causes us to hold onto the Promises of Christ, to trust Him, to patiently endure in the meantime, to love Him, to obey Him, and to continue rejoicing until the end, then I would gladly be willing to be called a Pollyanna. "Looking unto Jesus the Author and Finisher of Our Faith; Who for the joy that was set before Him endured the Cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the Throne of God" (Hebrews 12:2). "[Charity] rejoiceth in the Truth... believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things" (1Corinthians 13:6, 7).

Amen, and Amen!

[For further reference, see "
Must There Be a Pre-Tribulational Rapture?" ---New Window, and "Exceeding Great and Precious Promises" ---New Window.]

Tom Stewart

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